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Vesico-Vaginal Fistula

A fistula is an unwanted opening that develops between two parts of the body. Causes of fistulas can include infections, injuries, and inflammation. They can occur in many parts of the body.

A vesicovaginal fistula is an opening that develops between the bladder and the wall of the vagina. The problem is that urine leaks out of the vagina, sometimes lightly, but it can be steady if the fistula is large in size. The leakage is embarrassing and can smell bad.

Causes of Vesico-vaginal Fistula

Vesicovaginal fistulas are often a complication after surgery to treat problems in the bladder, uterus or vagina.

They also can be caused by gynaecological cancer, either from the disease or by side effects of radiation therapy or surgery to treat the cancer. It can also happen after difficult vaginal delivery. 


Most vesicovaginal fistulas develop soon after surgery, and patients will complain of a lot of new urinary leakage.

We may typically do a close physical exam of the area to learn more.
Imaging tests computed tomography (CT scan).
The dye is injected through your vein or through a catheter inserted into the bladder.
We may also examine the bladder with a scope.


The only way to fix vesicovaginal fistulas is to close off the opening by surgery. Sometimes additional procedures are needed to correct the original cause of the problem, such as damage to the bladder.

Contact Dr. Aneeta Talwar, Best Gynaecologist in Bangalore, for the safest treatment for Vesicovaginal fistula in Bangalore.

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